An earthly paradise of snow-capped peaks, turquoise-green rivers and Venetian-style coastline, Slovenia enriches its natural treasures with harmonious architecture, charming rustic culture, and sophisticated cuisine.
Slovenia stretches between the Adriatic Sea and the Alps in southeastern Europe. Formerly a constituent republic of Yugoslavia, it is bordered by Austria, Croatia, Hungary, and Italy. The country is almost landlocked, it has a short (46 km) coastline at the Adriatic Sea between Italy and Croatia.
Slovenia occupies an area of 20,273 km², this is about half the size of Switzerland or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of New Jersey. The country has a population of 2,064,000 people (in 2016). Largest city, and capital, is Ljubljana with about 278,000 residents (in 2015). Spoken languages are Slovenian (official; 91%) and Serbo-Croatian (4.5%). Slovenia’s weather is influenced by the Alps and the Adriatic Sea; it has a Mediterranean climate on the coast, and a continental climate in the plateaus and valleys to the east.
Slovenia landscape offers a small coastal strip in southwest, and an alpine mountain region, with the Julian Alps, a mountain range that stretch from northeastern Italy to Slovenia. Within the Julian Alps lies the country’s highest mountain, the Triglav, at 2,864 m. In the north there are the Karawanks, a mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps¬on the border between Slovenia and Austria. Almost 63% of Slovenia is forested area.
Slovenia is first and foremost an outdoor destination. Local people favour active holidays, and you’ll be invited – even expected – to join in. The list of activities on offer is endless, with the most popular pursuits being skiing, walking, and hiking in the mountains, and increasingly, cycling. Fast rivers like the Soča cry out to be rafted and there are ample chances to try out more niche activities like horse riding, ballooning, caving and canyoning. If all this sounds a bit much, you can always decamp to the coast and sunbathe on the Adriatic.